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13 Jun, 2023
Learn Web Scraping Using Python

Web Scraping "Web Scraping is a magic tool to instantly gather all the information you need!"

"It requires advanced programming skills!"

"Is it a first process?"

"Web Scraping is a one-time process!"

"Only for Tech-Savvy Professionals, not for me."

Put a full stop in your thoughts running on myths.

Do you want to know the harsh truth of WEB SCRAPING and its use cases? Let's break the confusion pot.


Web Scraping is the process of extracting data from websites. It involves automated software programs, often called web scrapers or bots, that browse through web pages, collect information, and store it for further analysis or use. Typically performed by writing code using programming languages like Python or using specialized scraping tools and libraries.

Web Scraping The scraping process involves sending HTTP requests to the target website, parsing the HTML or XML content, and extracting the desired data based on specific patterns or rules.

It's important to note that when scraping websites, you should respect the website's terms of service, robots.txt file, and any applicable legal regulations.


  • Data extraction: Web scraping allows you to extract specific data from websites, such as product information, prices, reviews, contact details, or any other relevant data.
  • Web Scraping Use-Cases Data aggregation: By scraping data from multiple websites, you can aggregate information from different sources into a single database or spreadsheet for analysis.
  • Market research: Web scraping enables you to gather data about competitors, market trends, or customer reviews, which can help you make informed business decisions.
  • Content monitoring: You can use web scraping to monitor changes on websites, track the prices of products, or detect updates in news articles or blog posts.
  • Lead generation: Web scraping can be employed to collect contact information from websites, such as email addresses or phone numbers, which can be valuable for sales and marketing purposes.

It is also used in web indexing, web mining, data mining, price comparison, website change detection, research and many more.

Methods to Exploit if You are A Beginner

If you are a beginner interested in learning about web scraping, here are some steps to get started:

Methods to Exploit if You are A Beginner

  • Understand the basics: Familiarize yourself with the concept of web scraping and how it works. Learn about HTML, CSS, and the structure of web pages.
  • Choose a programming language Choose a programming language: Select a programming language that is suitable for web scraping. Python is a popular choice due to its simplicity and the availability of libraries like BeautifulSoup and Scrapy, specifically designed for web scraping.
  • Select a target website: Choose a website you would like to scrape. Start with a simple website with a straightforward structure. It's good practice to check the website's terms of service to ensure scraping is allowed.
  • Identify the data: Determine the specific information you want to extract from the target website. This could be text, images, links, or any other relevant data.
  • Use web scraping libraries: Python libraries like BeautifulSoup and Scrapy provide powerful tools to extract data from web pages. These libraries handle parsing HTML, navigating the DOM (Document Object Model), and extracting the desired information.
  • Write your scraper: Use the chosen library to write a script that navigates to the desired web page, extracts the relevant data using CSS selectors or other techniques, and saves the data in a desired format (e.g., CSV, JSON, or a database).
  • Test and iterate: Run your scraper and test it on the target website. Make adjustments as needed to ensure it captures the desired data accurately and efficiently.

If you want to know more about Python, you can check HERE.

Want to know about Python Library?

A Python library is like a treasure trove of pre-built tools and functionalities, waiting to supercharge your programming endeavours. It's an exquisite collection of code modules crafted by brilliant minds, designed to simplify your coding journey and empower you to create magic with just a few lines. With a Python library by your side, you can effortlessly tap into its vast array of functions, classes, and utilities, saving you time and effort.

Today, I am going to talk about BeautifulSoup.

A popular Python library that is specifically designed for web scraping purposes. It provides a convenient way to extract data from HTML and XML documents. BeautifulSoup transforms raw HTML/XML into a parse tree, allowing you to navigate, search, and manipulate the document's contents with ease.

You can extract specific elements such as tags, attributes, and text from web pages. It simplifies the process of web scraping by handling the complexities of parsing HTML and XML, so you can focus on retrieving the data you need.

Step-by-Step guide for scrapping a website (Beginners)

Step:1 Open python.org and install the latest version of Python.

Download Python

Latest version Download Link - https://www.python.org/downloads/release/python-3114/ (As of June 2023)

Step:2 Open your browser, search Visual Studio Code, and download it.

Visual Studio Code

Step:3 Search BeautifulSoup Pip and click on BeautifulSoup4


Step:4 Open up Command Prompt and Paste this.

Command Prompt

Step:5 Now open VS Code and follow this.

VS Code

What is the 'request' module in Python?

The 'request' module in Python refers to the 'requests' library, which is a popular and widely used HTTP library for sending HTTP requests and handling responses in Python. It simplifies the process of interacting with web services and APIs by providing a high-level interface for making HTTP requests. It supports features like authentication, session management, cookies, and handling of various data formats (JSON, XML, etc.).

What is 'bs4'?

'bs4' refers to BeautifulSoup4, which is a popular library used for web scraping and parsing HTML or XML documents. The library supports different parsers, such as the built-in html.parser, lxml, and html5lib.

What is 'prettify'?

The term "prettify" is commonly associated with BeautifulSoup, a popular Python library for web scraping. BeautifulSoup provides a method called prettify() that takes a parsed HTML or XML document and formats it with proper indentation and line breaks to enhance readability.

What is get_text in Python?

In Python, get_text() is a method provided by libraries like Beautiful Soup, which is commonly used for web scraping tasks. When parsing an HTML or XML document using Beautiful Soup, the document's structure is converted into a parse tree. Each element in the parse tree has various methods, and get_text() is one of them. This method is primarily used to extract the human-readable text content within an element and its descendants, excluding any HTML or XML tags.





In a nutshell, get_text allows you to show the content without a tag and prettify allows you to show the content with proper indented tags.

Advantages of Web-Scrapping

  • Data extraction: You may efficiently extract a lot of data from websites via web scraping. Information collection for the study, analysis, or data-driven decision-making can benefit significantly from this.
  • Automation: Web scraping can save time and effort by automating the process of collecting data from numerous websites. Without requiring direct assistance, you can build up automatic scraping scripts to gather data regularly.
  • Real-time data: Real-time data from websites can be accessed and scraped using web scraping. This is advantageous if you need current information to keep track of trends, prices, news, or any other time-sensitive data.
  • Competitive intelligence: You can use web scraping to find out specifics about your rivals' products, pricing, customers' feedback, and more. This enables you to stay competitive in the market and make wise business decisions.
  • Research and analysis: Web scraping is a useful tool for conducting research and performing analysis. To acquire insights, spot patterns, or discover trends, you can gather data from numerous sources, combine it, and conduct in-depth analysis.

Limitations of web scraping

  • Legal and ethical concerns: The terms of service of websites, copyright restrictions, or data privacy laws may all be broken through web scraping. Understanding the ethical and legal ramifications is crucial, as is making sure you abide by all applicable laws and standards.
  • Website structure changes: Websites frequently change their style, HTML code, and other aspects, which can cause your scraping programmes to malfunction. It can take some effort to maintain and update your scraping scripts to reflect these changes.
  • IP blocking and access restrictions: By using tools like IP filtering, CAPTCHAs, or user-agent restrictions, websites can identify and stop scraping operations. These precautions can make it difficult or more work-intensive to scrape data from specific websites.
  • Data quality and reliability: Data that has been scraped can be of varying quality and dependability. The dependability of the information that is scraped from websites may be impacted by inconsistencies, mistakes, or errors in the data that they provide. To guarantee data accuracy, validation and cleansing procedures could be necessary.
  • Dependency on website availability: Web scraping is dependent on the target websites' accessibility and availability. Your scraping procedure could be interrupted if a website is unreachable for a specific period or permanently, which could result in missing data or a delay in data collection.


Web scraping has become a potent weapon in the wide digital realm, bridging the information and innovation divide. It's comparable to an explorer exploring the depths of the internet in search of priceless information nuggets that may be used to unlock countless opportunities. Web scraping enables companies and people to paint their success stories using rich, real-time information, much like a painter with a pallet of colours.

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